Have you ever wonder how soccer / football games get into our life? When and where is the origin of this game from? Why is it so many peoples in the world crazy about this game? Almost every culture has reference to the history of soccer.
The origin of football / soccer can be found in every corner of geography and history. The Chinese, Japanese, Italian, Ancient Greek, Persian, Viking, and many moreplayed a ball game long before our era. The Chinese played "football" games date as far back as 3000 years ago. The Ancient Greeks and the Roman used football games to sharpen warriors for battle. In south and Central America a game called "Tlatchi" once flourished. But officially of football say that the first game started from mainland China, FIFA as officially center state that , the Chinese people originated from the game in the 2nd century until the 3rd century ,where the sport is known as the "thu-shu" it is very unique name. In another document the history of footballcomes from the land of Japan, since the 8th century Japanese society has known the game of football.
On October 1963, eleven London clubs and schools sent their representatives to the Freemason's Tavern. These representatives were intent on clarifying the muddle by establishing a set of fundamental rules, acceptable to all parties, to govern the matches played amongst them. This meeting marked the birth of The Football Association. The eternal dispute concerning shin-kicking, tripping and carrying the ball was discussed thoroughly at this and consecutive meetings until eventually on 8 December the die-hard exponents of the Rugby style took their final leave. They were in the minority anyway. They wanted no part in a game that forbade tripping, shin-kicking and carrying the ball. A stage had been reached where the ideals were no longer compatible. On 8 December 1863, football and rugby finally split. Their separation became totally irreconcilable six years hence when a provision was included in the football rules forbidding any handling of the ball (not only carrying it).
Only eight years after its foundation, The Football Association already had 50 member clubs. The first football competition in the world was started in the same year - the FA Cup, which preceded the League Championship by 17 years.
International matches were being staged in Great Britain before football had hardly been heard of in Europe. The first was played in 1872 and was contested by England and Scotland. This sudden boom of organized football accompanied by staggering crowds of spectators brought with it certain problems with which other countries were not confronted until much later on. Professionalism was one of them. The first moves in this direction came in 1879, when Darwin, a small Lancashire club, twice managed to draw against the supposedly invincible Old Etonians in the FA Cup, before the famous team of London amateurs finally scraped through to win at the third attempt. Two Darwin players, the Scots John Love and Fergus Suter, are reported as being the first players ever to receive remuneration for their football talent. This practice grew rapidly and the FootballAssociation found itself obliged to legalise professionalism as early as 1885. This development predated the formation of any national association outside of Great Britain (namely, in the Netherlands and Denmark) by exactly four years.
After the English Football Association, the next oldest are the Scottish FA (1873), the FA of Wales (1875) and the Irish FA (1880). Strictly speaking, at the time of the first international match, England had no other partner association against which to play. When Scotland played England in Glasgow on 30 November 1872, the Scottish FA did not even exist - it was not founded for another three months. The team England played that day was actually the oldest Scottish club team, Queen's Park.
The spread of football outside of England, mainly due to the British influence abroad, started slow, but it soon gathered momentum and spread rapidly to all parts of the world. The next countries to form football associations after the Netherlands and Denmark in 1889 were New Zealand (1891), Argentina (1893), Chile (1895), Switzerland, Belgium (1895), Italy (1898), Germany, Uruguay (both in 1900), Hungary (1901) and Finland (1907). When FIFA was founded in Paris in May 1904 it had seven founder members: France, Belgium, Denmark, the Netherlands, Spain (represented by the Madrid FC), Sweden and Switzerland. The German Football Federation cabled its intention to join on the same day.
football develop bery good, in Indonesia is also growing very fast. Evidence of the result is founding of the Football Association of Indonesia (PSSI) in 1930 in Yogyakarta, by SoeratinSosrosoegondo. To appreciate his services, starting in 1966 begin a soccer cup name Suratin cup.but you must know that To explain and describe the history of football in Indonesia it is like impossible work,like withsearch engine never get many information. Agree with, trace in the library, from book stores up to a used bookstore never get important information.
So many opinion about the history of football,
Here is more input on those deeper origins:
• Nobody really knows where football came from some say it was from the roman who used their enemies head as ball other say the Chinese, other say it came from South America where they used anything as a ball, including people and the loser would be sacrificed and sometimes the winner. The only documented reference to the origin of soccer is from the observations of Herodotus who describes a game played by soldiers where the defeated team captain's head would be severed, dipped in melted rubber, and used for the play of the rematch.
• It started in Brazil when a few children were playing together when they saw a bucket of soft rubber which came from a rubber plantation nearby. Then, one of them got an idea and turn it into a ball-shape. So, the children play with each other but not in the modern way. They just pass each other without touching with their hands. Some tourist nearby happen to pass by and saw what had happen and decide to change the game with two goalpost and 20 aside.
• Football was first played as a game by Roman soldiers, who used the heads of their enemies in a game with simple goalposts. So it's understandable why there is a rule against touching the ball with your hands. Just kick it again.
• It began in Italy with small rocks, we now call Bacchic ball, played by the Roman soldiers when bored that their post, progressed to larger rocks, then do to the difficulty in the weight, material was sewn together to form a large ball, each century there were modifications made, until today.
• Football came to Europe from the Mexicans after a battle they would chop off their opponents' head and use it at a football. This form of entertainment was then taken across to Europe by the Spaniards, Portuguese, Dutch etc. only they invented the ball.
• The historical origin of Football was in China in about 2600 B.C. They used a ball made of leather and the goals were about 30 feet high and 20 feet apart and was played in celebration of the emperor's birthday. The name was called Tsi chu. It was played during the Hun Dynasty.
• Football was invented by the Mayan and Aztec Indians in Central America. At the Mayan Ruins, in the city of Copan, Honduras, they have a one of the first soccer fields ever. This civilization dates back to more than 10,000 years ago. In this civilization, football teams would compete against each other and the captain of the winning team was sacrificed after the game. The act of being sacrificed was considered an honor to these people.
• From the history of Football page at About.com: "There is documentary evidence that a a game or skill building exercise, involving kicking a ball into a small net, was used by the Chinese military during the Han Dynasty - around the 2nd and 3rd centuries BC. Earlier evidence - of a field marked out to play a ball-kicking game has been found at Kyoto, in Japan. Both the Greeks and ancient Romans played a soccer-type game which resembled modern soccer - although in this early version, teams could consist of up to 27 players!"
• FIFA.com has an article about the history of football that credits the Chinese with inventing the ancient form of the game.
• It is believed that the first recorded Football game took place on a Shrove Tuesday in Derby, England, as part of a festival to celebrate the victory of English soldiers over Roman troops in 217 A.D. By 1175 the annual Shrove Tuesday soccer game was a regular event.
• It is correct that a lot of games were played in the history of mankind where something was kicked around. As well as tennis, volleyball or hacky sack are not simply defined by the fact that a ball is played over a net, Football is not defined by trying to kick something into a whatever goal. The game known as Football today was founded in the English public schools in the early 19th century by simple school boys that played the game although it was mostly forbidden. They discussed and changed the rules of the game. Later the games were allowed and seen as good training for manly hood and fairness. To give an extra challenge to fair play and self control the boys of Eton forbade the use of the hands. As not being allowed to use the hands is the main characteristic of Football in contrast to rugby, I would say that was the moment when Football was born. Football and Rugby parted and went different ways, the first became the sport we know as Football today. Football later spread to the continent, where the first national game was Austria against Hungary.
• Football was believed by scientists to have been started in the Han Dynasty in 1000 B.C. They think that it was played by the military to make sure that the soldiers were ready for battle. It was later played in the Roman and Greek civilizations, but with many more players and not that many rules. It is known for a fact that "soccer" was played in 600 A.D. in Kyoto, Japan. Later, football was played in the United Kingdom by people of all sorts. The king of England thought that Football should be banned because of how dangerous it was, but no one could stop soccer because it had become too popular of a sport. Today Football is all over the world and considered to be the most popular sport of all.
Best Soccer Player Ever
The history of football has seen many great players. But only a few are true legend
1. Franz Beckenbauer
National team: Germany (103 caps, 14 goals)
Clubs: Bayern Munich, New York Cosmos, Hamburger SV
Franz Beckenbauer is a famous German footballer highly regarded both for his achievements and his influence on football. He is ranked as the greatest football defender of all time.
Beckenbauer played sweeper, a soccer position he redefined into someone who can both stop the opposition’s attack and lead the team’s scoring. Elegant on the field, his technical skills and its influence on his teammates and the game earned him the nickname of Der Kaiser (The Emperor).Beckenbauer has one of the most impressive records in club and national levels. With Bayern Munich, the club where he spent most of his career, he won the European Champions Cup in 1974, 1975, and 1976. With the German national football team, he won the 1972 European Nations Championship and the 1974 World Cup, each time as captain. He also won the most prestigious individual award twice, the Ballon d’Or (Best European Footballer of the Year), in 1972 and 1976.
2. Michel Platini
National team: France (72 caps, 41 goals)
Clubs: Nancy, Saint-Etienne, Juventus
Michel Platini is a French football player who played as an attacking midfielder during his career. Reputed as one of the best free kick specialists in history, Platini is the principal architect of the successes of the French soccer squad and Juventus in the eighties.Platini was a playmaker with a great vision of the game and an innate instinct for goal-scoring. His incredible football technique and his aptitude to be a leader earned him the nickname of Le Roi (The King, in French)
Platini is the winner of, among other titles, the 1985 European Cup with Juventus and the 1984 Euro Cup with France. During the European Football Championship of 1984, he scored 9 goals in 5 matches, making him the tournament’s top scorer of all time—a record which still stands today. Among his numerous individual awards is the Ballon d’Or, which he won three consecutive times, from 1983 to 1985.
3. Bobby Charlton
Years Active: 1954-1975
National team: England (106 caps, 49 goals)
Clubs: Manchester United, Preston North End
Bobby Charlton was the leader of England’s 1966 World Cup-winning team and was a member of the Busby Babes, the famous Manchester lineup of the 1950s. He is considered as the best English footballer of all time.Charlton had an incomparable finesse as a ball passer and scorer, capable accurate chip shots and strong low-flying shots. Although he was never assigned as striker, he still holds the most number of goals scored for England: 49 goals in 106 appearances.Aside from the 1966 World Cup championship, Charlton also won the 1968 European Cup and several domestic championships with Manchester United. Among his individual honors are the FIFA World Cup Golden Ball (1966), and the Ballon d’Or (1966)..
4. Johan Cruyff
Years Active: 1964-1984
National team: Netherlands (48 caps, 33 goals)
Clubs: Ajax, Barcelona, Los Angeles Aztecs, Washington Diplomats, Feyenoord
Johan Cruyff was an unparalleled midfield player of the 1970s. He was the most prominent figure on the successes of Ajax, Barcelona, and the Dutch football team during that decade.
5. Ronaldo de Lima
Years Active: 1993-2011
National team: Brazil (97 caps, 62 goals)
Clubs: Cruzeiro, PSV Endhoven, Barcelona, Inter Milano, Real Madrid, AC Milan, Corinthians
Ronaldo de Lima is a Brazilian football striker regarded as one of the most gifted scorers of all time. A two-time World Cup winner, he scored the most goals for the competition with 15, a record that remains unbeaten so far.Ronaldo is known for his speed, power, and reliability in front of the goal. His background in indoor soccer gave him exceptional ability to maneuver in small spaces. He can shoot accurately with either foot and his scoring prowess often earned him comparison with Pele. His fragile body subjected him to three major knee injuries, which caused him to lose much of his flare and speed. But his mental toughness allowed him to always come back on the field as a deadly goal scorer.
Nicknamed Il Fenomeno, Ronaldo has won numerous titles with the Brazilian national team. He won the FIFA World Cup in 1994 and 2002, and with 62 goals in 97 appearances, he is Brazil’s second-highest scorer of all time, just next to Pele.
6. Zinedine Zidane
Years Active: 1988-2006
National team: France (108 caps, 31 goals)
Clubs: Cannes, Bordeaux, Juventus, Real Madrid
Zinedine Zidane is a French football legend who is considered as one of the most brilliant technicians of all time. He was a playmaker for the French national team and for prestigious European clubs like Juventus and Real Madrid.As an attacking midfielder, Zidane is known for his ball control, which inspired admiration by teammates during practice and awe by fans during games. He has an exceptional technical mastery, able to make the ball move whichever way he wants it. His dribbling and passing sets him apart from other players. He proved to be a very complete player, with his ability to head the ball, take free kicks and penalty kicks, and finish in style.As a player, Zidane won all the major trophies football can offer. With the French national team, he won 1998 World Cup (where he scored two goals in the final) and the 2000 European football championship. In club level, he won one Champions League (2002, with Real Madrid) and two Intercontinental Cups (1996 with Juventus; 2002 with Real Madrid). Among his individual awards are the FIFA Player of the Year, which he won three times and the 1998 Ballon d’Or.
7. Diego Maradona
Years Active: 1976-1997
National team: Argentina (91 caps, 34 goals)
Clubs: Argentino Juniors, Boca Juniors, Barcelona, Napoli, Sevilla FC, Newell's Old Boys
Diego Maradona is an Argentinean football genius whose career is marked with triumphs and controversies. A fantastic playmaker, he led Argentina to a World Cup title in 1986.Maradona was one of the best technicians of football. A dribbler of peerless ability, he puzzled defenders of his era with a particularly fine touch on the ball. His small size gave him the advantage to change directions quickly and make him almost unstoppable. However, Diego Maradona was capable not only of the best but also of the worst. His ability to perform extraordinary feats is coupled by his tendency to sink into violence, lose control of himself, and even cheat during the game. All these aspects show why his career is both brilliant (the 1986 World Cup title) and pathetic (expulsion from the 1994 World Cup after a failed drug test).
8. Pele/Edson Arantes do Nascimento
Years Active: 1956-1977
National team: Brazil (92 caps, 77 goals)
Clubs: Santos, New York Cosmos
Pele is not only the greatest football player of all time, he is also hailed by the International Olympic Committee as the “Athlete of the Century” in 1999. He played as striker for Brazil and is the only player who has won the World Cup three times.Pele was a complete player, possessing both technical and athletic skills, intelligence, speed, precise passing, and the sense for goals. On the field, he was able to perform technical moves with great ease. He was an achiever and also an innovator, perfecting stunts such as the bicycle kick. Pele is the greatest player of all time because of his impact on football. From his professional debut at 16 to his retirement, he has eclipsed all other players of his era. We can say that during his career, there was Pele and only Pele.Pele’s career records are barely imaginable. He scored a total of 1,281 goals in 1,363 matches, a world record that still stands. Six times he finished a game with five goals, 30 times with four goals, and 92 times with three goals. His most memorable goal was his 1000th, scored in Maracana Stadium through a penalty kick. It created an indescribable uproar, even fans of the opposing team joined in cheering the Brazilian football legend.
Luis Lionel Andrés Messi
Birth day: June 24, 1987
Birthplace: Rosario, Argentina
Weight: 67 kg
Club: FC Barcelona
Lionel Andrés Messi (born June 24, 1987 in Rosario) is an Argentine football (soccer) player.
Lionel Messi started playing football at a very early age in his hometown's Newell's Old Boys. From the age of 11, he suffered from a hormone deficiency and as Lionel's parents were unable to pay for the treatment in Argentina, they decided to move to Barcelona, Spain.In the 2003-2004 season, when he was still only 16, Messi made his first team debut in a friendly with Porto that marked the opening of the new Dragao stadium. The following championship-winning season, Messi made his first appearance in an official match on October 16, 2004, in Barcelona's derby win against Espanyol at the Olympic Stadium (0-1).With several first team players seriously injured, the services of several reserve team players were called upon, and Messi became a regular feature of Barça squads. On May 1, 2005, he became the youngest player ever to score a league goal for FC Barcelona - against Albacete when Messi was only 17 years, 10 months and 7 days old.He was offered the chance to play for the Spain national football team, but declined, prefering to wait for the opportunity to play for the country of his birth. In June 2004 he got his chance, playing in a U-20 friendly match against Paraguay.Lionel Messi wearing FC Barcelona's colorsIn June 2005 he starred for the Argentina U-20 team that won the Football World Youth Championship played in The Netherlands.Messi picked up the Golden Boot as top scorer with 6 goals, and the Golden Ball for the best player of the tournament. Despite his youth, Lionel has already drawn comparisons with Diego Maradona, arguably the best football player of all time.
On September 25, 2005 Messi obtained a Spanish citizenship and was finally able to make his debut in this season's Spanish First Division. He had previously been unable to play because FC Barcelona had filled up all of their quota of non-EU players.Messi's first outing in the UEFA Champions League at the Nou Camp was on Sept 28 against Italian club Udinese. He impressed with some great passing and a seemingly telepathic relationship with Ronaldinho that earned him a standing ovation from the 70,000-odd Nou Camp faithful. On December of that year, the Italian newspaper Tuttosport awarded him the Golden Boy 2005 title for the best under-21 player in Europe, over Wayne Rooney and Lukas Podolski
Full Name: Cristiano Ronaldo dos Santos Aveiro
Birth date: February 5th, 1985
Birthplace: Funchal, Madeira – Portugal
Weight: 84 kg
Current club: Real Madrid (since 2009)
International team: Portugal
Cristiano Ronaldo is the son of Maria Dolores dos Santos Aveiro (a cooker) and José Dinis Aveiro (a Municipal gardener). Many say that Ronaldo's humble family origins are the reason why CR7 manages to deal so well with the fame and spotlights he has nowadays. Cristiano Ronaldo has two older sisters, Liliana Cátia and Elma, and one older brother, Hugo.
Cristiano Ronaldo first steps in football/soccer were made in his amateur hometown club called Andorinha, when he was still 8 years old. A couple years later, CR7 moved to CD Nacional, one of the most known teams in Madeira, around his 10th birthday. But he didn't stay there for too long and the year after (1996), Ronaldo was persuaded to join Sporting Lisbon, one of the biggest clubs in Portugal.
Cristiano Ronaldo's adventure in England, started with a memorable debut for Manchester United, coming in as a substitute against Bolton Wanderers and playing for around half an hour. Those 30 minutes are probably still in the memory of many Manchester United fans, since CR7 stunned everyone in the stadium and impressed the traditional harsh English media, with his dazzling dribbles and runs over the wing. Ronaldo scored his first goal for Manchester United, by taking a curled free kick, in a 3-0 win against Portsmouth, in November 2003. However, and despite several promising starts, Cristiano Ronaldo's first two seasons in Manchester United received mixed reviews. He got praised for his technique and skills, but he often got criticised for lacking consistency and poor decision making on the field, which seems to be a natural thing at the age of 17 and 18.
But In the 2010-2011 season, Cristiano Ronaldo had an outstanding personal performance, breaking several all-time records, not only in Real Madrid, but also in the Spanish League. Ronaldo scored 41 goals in La Liga, breaking the previous 38 goal record set by Hugo Sanchez and Telmo Zarra. CR7 scored a total of 54 goals and once again, won the Golden Boot award, beating Lionel Messi in the way, who finished the season with 53 goals. However, not everything was perfect, since Real Madrid only won the Copa del Rey and failed to conquer the Spanish League and the UEFA Champions League.